MLA Formatting and Style Guide // Purdue Writing Lab

 

mla paraphrasing citation

Tips on Paraphrasing Paraphrasing can be tricky. You need to make sure that you don't copy the original author's style or wording. Even if you have a citation, such borrowing would be considered plagiarism. Paraphrases should sound like you, using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. MLA format and MLA citations are simple with some help from your friends at Citation Machine. The Complete Guide to MLA & Citations helps you with your MLA citing. Son of Citation Machine™ NEW My Papers. Popular Styles. MLA Style. APA Style. Chicago Style. Title Page. The Modern Language Association sets specific guidelines for the proper citation of sources. Even if you do not quote a source directly and only paraphrase a source, you must still give direct credit to that source with an in-text citation when adhering to MLA guidelines. The .


Paraphrasing // Purdue Writing Lab


When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities, mla paraphrasing citation. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed. The following overview should help you better understand how to cite sources using MLA eighth edition, including how to format the Works Cited page and in-text citations.

MLA is a style of documentation that may be applied to many different types of writing. Since texts have become increasingly digital, and the same document may often be found in several different sources, following a set of rigid rules no longer suffices.

Thus, the current system is based on a few guiding principles, rather than an extensive list of specific rules. While the handbook still describes how to cite sources, mla paraphrasing citation, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves. This gives writers a flexible method that is near-universally applicable.

Once you are familiar with the method, mla paraphrasing citation, you can use it to document any type of source, for any type of paper, in any field. When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements.

In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order:. Each element should be followed by mla paraphrasing citation corresponding punctuation mark shown above. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers depending on the type of source.

In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period. Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. Knopf, Depending upon the type of source, it should be mla paraphrasing citation in italics or quotation marks.

Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. MacMurray, An individual webpage should be in quotation marks. The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics:. Mla paraphrasing citation, Susan. Bagchi, Alaknanda. A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks. The name of the album should then follow in italics:. Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.

For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container.

The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. Kincaid, Jamaica. Wise, DeWanda. Accessed 3 June In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Booksor watched a television series on Netflix.

It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Netflix, www. Langhamer, Claire. ProQuest, doi Accessed 27 May In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If mla paraphrasing citation contributions are relevant to your research, mla paraphrasing citation, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.

Note : In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. Foucault, Michel. Woolf, Virginia. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. The Bible. Crowley, Sharon, mla paraphrasing citation, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. If a source is part of a numbered sequence, mla paraphrasing citation, such as a multi-volume book or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.

Dolby, Nadine. Accessed 20 May Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. Butler, vol. The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. Museum of Modern Art, mla paraphrasing citation, New York.

The Artchive, www. Accessed May Women's Health: Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Mla paraphrasing citation and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. Parks and Recreation. The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your writing. Below is a general citation for this television episode:.

Mla paraphrasing citation, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. Adiche, Chimamanda Ngozi. Knopf, mla paraphrasing citation,pp. The location of an online work should include a URL. Wheelis, Mark. Accessed 8 Feb. When citing a physical object that you experienced firsthand, identify the place of location.

Matisse, Henri. The Swimming Pool. The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. The author should include any information that helps mla paraphrasing citation easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting. If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information.

Erdrich, Louise. Love Medicine. Perennial-Harper, The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before Thoreau, Henry David, mla paraphrasing citation. Boston, When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time, mla paraphrasing citation.

Bernstein, Mark. Accessed 4 May As mentioned above, while the eighth edition recommends including URLs when you cite online sources, you should always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion. A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source. Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Wiley Online Library, doi: The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted.

 

How to Cite a Paraphrase in MLA | Pen and the Pad

 

mla paraphrasing citation

 

MLA format and MLA citations are simple with some help from your friends at Citation Machine. The Complete Guide to MLA & Citations helps you with your MLA citing. Son of Citation Machine™ NEW My Papers. Popular Styles. MLA Style. APA Style. Chicago Style. Title Page. Aug 19,  · MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition: How to Paraphrase and Quote This LibGuide reflects the changes to MLA style as directed by the MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition. About MLAAuthor: Angie Neely-Sardon Irsc. Tips on Paraphrasing Paraphrasing can be tricky. You need to make sure that you don't copy the original author's style or wording. Even if you have a citation, such borrowing would be considered plagiarism. Paraphrases should sound like you, using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work.